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Way before the Spanish Colonization of the Philippines, Filipinos already had a system of writing that was used for both basic literary recording and trade. They had their own syllabary derived from the common Malayo-Polynesian base. However, much of literature was passed down orally. It was composed of epics, folktales, proverbs, songs, ritual chants, and riddles.
- Ang Literatura ng Pilipinas, “The Literature of the Philippines.” CHED Technical Panel, Manila: De La Salle University Press, Inc., 1997.
- Baltazar, Silverio, et. al. Philippine Literature: Past and Ptesent. Quezon City: Katha Publishing Co., Inc., 1981.
- Bascara, Linda, et. al. “Philippine Literature.” Manila: Rex Book Store, 1999.
- del Castillo, Teofilo T. and Buenaventura S. Medina, Jr. Philippine Literature from Ancient Times to Present. Quezon City: Philippine Graphic Arts, Inc., 1974.
- Tomeldan, Yolanda, et. al. “Prism: An Introduction to Literature.” UP Printing Press, 1985.